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February 1, 2023
16 min
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Aleksandr Sheremeta

15 Best Data Warehousing Tools: Cloud-based Platform & Services

February 1, 2023
16 min
Aleksandr Sheremeta photo
Aleksandr Sheremeta
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What is a Data Warehouse?

A data warehouse is a large, centralized repository of data that is used to support business intelligence and decision-making activities. It is designed to support the efficient querying and analysis of data and is typically used to store historical data from various sources. Data warehouses are optimized for read-heavy workloads and provide a single source of truth for an organization's data.

Data Warehousing Tools

What is a Data Warehousing Tool?

Data warehousing tools
are a set of software and technologies used to manage and store large amounts of data. These tools are designed to help organizations efficiently collect, store, and analyze data from multiple sources, making it easier to make informed business decisions.

One of the main benefits of using data warehousing tools is the ability to store and manage large amounts of data in a single location. This allows for more efficient data analysis and reporting, as well as the ability to access data from multiple sources in one place. Additionally, these tools typically include advanced features such as data compression, data indexing, and data security, making it easier to store and manage large amounts of data.

Another key benefit of data warehousing tools is their ability to support real-time data analysis and reporting. This means that organizations can quickly and easily access and analyze data, allowing them to make faster and more informed decisions. Additionally, many data warehousing tools include built-in data visualization and reporting features, making it easy to create visualizations and reports that can help users understand data patterns and trends.

Data warehousing tools are typically deployed in a cloud-based infrastructure, allowing organizations to easily scale up or down as their data storage needs change. This also makes it easy for organizations to access their data from anywhere, at any time, as well as providing cost-effective solutions.

How is Data processed in a Data Warehouse?

Data is typically loaded into a data warehouse through a process known as ETL (Extract, Transform, Load). This process involves extracting data from various sources, transforming it to fit the warehouse's schema, and then loading it into the warehouse. Once the data is loaded, it can be queried and analyzed using a variety of tools and techniques, such as SQL or business intelligence software.

Data Warehousing Tools

Why Do We Use Data Warehouse Tools?

Data warehouse tools are used to manage and analyze large amounts of data. They provide a way to organize, store, and query data in a way that is optimized for decision-making and business intelligence. Additionally, data warehouse tools can be used to integrate data from various sources, such as relational databases, flat files, and cloud storage.

How to Choose Data Warehouse Tools?

When choosing a data warehouse tool, it's important to consider the following factors:

  • Scalability: Will the tool be able to handle the volume of data that you need to store and analyze?
  • Performance: How fast will the tool be able to query and analyze your data?
  • Integration: Can the tool integrate with other tools and systems that you use, such as relational databases and cloud storage?
  • Security: Does the tool provide the level of security that you need to protect your data?
  • Cost: How much will the tool cost, both in terms of upfront costs and ongoing costs?

Data Warehousing Tools

What To Pay Attention To When Choosing the Best Data Warehousing Tool?

When choosing the best data warehousing tool, there are several key factors to consider:

  • Scalability: The ability of the tool to handle large volumes of data and support growth over time.
  • Performance: The ability of the tool to quickly and efficiently query and analyze data.
  • Integration: The ability of the tool to integrate with other systems and tools, such as relational databases and cloud storage.
  • Security: The level of security provided by the tool to protect your data.
  • Ease of use: How easy is it for users to work with the tool?
  • Machine learning & AI capabilities: Some tools have built-in Machine learning and AI capabilities to perform advanced analytics.
  • Big Data and memory storage capabilities: Data warehousing tools that have capabilities to handle and process big data and memory storage.
  • Cloud-based data warehousing: Some data warehousing tools are cloud-based and offer additional benefits like scalability and cost savings.

Top-15 Best Data Warehousing Tools and Resources

Amazon Redshift 

Amazon Redshift is a user-friendly, cost-effective data warehouse solution that enables you to analyze a wide range of data using standard SQL. With features such as no up-front costs for installation, automation of common administrative tasks, the ability to change the number or type of nodes, and enhanced reliability through climate-controlled data centers, it is easy to manage and scale your data warehouse. Additionally, it supports cloud data warehouses including Amazon S3, offers customer support through contact form and chat, and complies with various industry standards. This tool also provides easy analytics, performance at any scale and high level of security. It supports over 10 data sources and integrates with popular databases such as PostgreSQL, SQL Server, and MySQL. It also supports a variety of output formats and is available as a cloud-based platform. However, it is a single-cloud solution, requires a good understanding of its sort and dist keys and have limited support for parallel uploads.

Price: Submit a Quote Request to Sales

Trial Offer: 60 Days Free Test

Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure is a public cloud computing platform that was launched in 2010, providing a wide range of products and services such as data analytics, virtual computing, storage, virtual network, web sites, media services and mobile services. This platform offers the capability of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS) and facilitates simple portability and compatibility between on-premise and public cloud. The Azure cloud platform also offers various cross-connections such as virtual private networks (VPNs), caches, content delivery networks (CDNs), and ExpressRoute connections to enhance performance and usability. Microsoft Azure prioritizes security, both in terms of physical infrastructure and operational security. One of the most popular applications of Microsoft Azure is running virtual machines or containers in the cloud. Additionally, the Azure App offers a fully managed web hosting service for building web applications, services and Restful APIs with a variety of plans to suit any application size, from small to globally scaled web applications.
Pricing: Price for serverless compute on Azure SQL database starts at $0.52 per V-core/hour. Here, V-core is one hyper-thread. Serverless compute in Azure runs on Gen 5 logical CPUs. Storage cost in Azure is $0.115 per GB/hour, with a minimum of 5GB storage and a maximum of 4TB. Additional charges for backup storage are $0.20 per GB/month.

Google BigQuery

BigQuery is a cloud-based data warehouse that allows for scalable analysis of large amounts of data. It is a Platform as a Service that uses ANSI SQL for querying and also includes built-in machine learning capabilities. It was introduced in 2010 and made available for use in 2011. BigQuery is designed for analyzing billions of rows of data using SQL-lite syntax and is optimized for running analytical queries rather than replacing traditional relational databases. It is a hybrid system that combines column storage with NoSQL features such as nested data and flexible data types. BigQuery is a cost-effective option compared to Redshift and is well-suited for data scientists working with massive datasets for ML or data mining. Google Cloud also offers auto-scaling services that allow for the creation of a data lake that can be integrated with existing applications, skills, and IT investments. In BigQuery, most of the time is spent on initialization, but the actual query execution time is minimal.

Price: Ask Sales for a Quote.
No-cost Trial: for all time Basic Plan, Free


Snowflake is a cloud-based data warehousing solution built on the infrastructure of Amazon Web Services or Microsoft Azure. It allows for independent scaling of storage and computation, enabling customers to pay for only what they use. Snowflake simplifies data processing by allowing users to perform data blending, analysis, and transformations on various data structures using SQL. It offers dynamic, scalable computing power that is based solely on usage. In Snowflake, storage and computation are completely separate and the storage cost is the same as storing data on Amazon S3. While AWS offers a similar service through Redshift Spectrum, it is not as seamless as Snowflake. Snowflake also allows for quick and space-efficient cloning of tables, schemas, or even databases by creating pointers to the existing data instead of duplicating it.
Pricing: Snowflake's pricing is based on per-second charging, in contrast to the majority of alternative data warehousing technologies that charge you according to the volume of data processed. For Snowflake, the compute cost is charged per second, with a minimum of 60 seconds. But the cost varies depending on the country, the platform, and the chosen pricing tier. Standard, Enterprise, Business Critical, and VPS are the options available to users. The Standard tier's average compute costs are $0.00056 per second, per credit. The Enterprise tier's equivalent rate is $0.0011 per second and per credit.

Micro Focus Vertica 

Micro Focus Vertica is a database system designed for use in data warehousing and other big data workloads where speed, scalability, simplicity, and openness are crucial. It is a self-monitoring MPP (massively parallel processing) database that offers scalability and flexibility beyond other tools. It can be used on commercial hardware, allowing for customizable scalability. Vertica is designed with advanced in-database analytics capabilities to improve query performance compared to traditional relational databases and unverified open-source options. It is a column-oriented relational database and not a NoSQL database, as it is not non-relational, shared-nothing and horizontally scalable and does not guarantee ACID. Vertica stores data by grouping it by column on disk rather than by row, allowing it to read only the columns needed for a query rather than scanning the entire table. Vertica offers a powerful analytical warehouse that can handle large amounts of data and allows businesses to perform tasks such as predictive maintenance, customer
retention, economic compliance and network optimization, and more.

Pricing: Vertica offers a free community tier with three nodes and up to 1 TB of storage. Customers are billed per hour for use of the subscription cloud tier. Vertica's computing costs vary by area and fulfillment choice, like a 64-bit Amazon Machine Image. The starting rate is $2 per hour.


Teradata is a well-regarded Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) that is suitable for building large-scale data warehousing applications. It achieves this through parallelism, using a Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) architecture. The Teradata system distributes the workload among multiple processes, which run in parallel to speed up task completion and ensure success. Teradata provides real-time, accurate answers by processing all relevant data regardless of the volume of the query. It also offers capabilities for data integration and ETL, including the ability to consume, analyze, and manage data. Data in a data warehouse is organized to support analysis instead of real-time transactions as in online transaction processing systems. Teradata is geared towards OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) and is considered one of the most powerful data integration and analytics database solutions on the market. It is widely used by businesses and can process huge amounts of data easily. It has a user-friendly interface and can be used by business users with minimal training and query knowledge. However, big data processing can be challenging due to its existing architectures.
Pricing: The way Teradata operates is pay-as-you-go. The business does not, however, provide pricing information.

Amazon DynamoDB

Amazon DynamoDB is a fully managed, proprietary NoSQL data warehouse service offered by Amazon Web Services. It supports key-value and document data structures. DynamoDB has a similar data model, but utilizes a different underlying implementation. The service uses partition key values as input for an internal hash function, which determines the partition where the item will be stored. All items with the same partition key values are stored together in sorted order by sort key value. DynamoDB offers high availability, reliability, and scalability with no limitations on dataset size or request output for a given table. It is designed for OLTP use cases, such as high-speed data access, but can also accommodate OLAP access patterns, such as large analytical queries over the entire dataset. DynamoDB aligns with the values of Serverless applications, including automatic scaling, pay-per-use pricing, ease of use, and no server management, making it a popular choice for Serverless applications running on AWS.
Pricing: Free users of DynamoDB can access 25 GB of storage and 2.5 million stream read queries. Users can pick between on-demand pricing and provisioned-capacity pricing for storage and computation that are more expensive than the free tier.

Amazon DynamoDB charges $0.25 per million reads and $1.25 per million writes for on-demand usage. Each GB of data costs $0.25 to store.

Users who deal with varying traffic should use provisioned-capacity pricing. They can scale the demand up or down automatically, which reduces their need for computing resources. Based on the read and write provisions, this pricing model uses flexible hourly rates. Additionally, when demand rises, Amazon DynamoDB's compute cost rises. The price of data storage is set at $0.25 per GB.


PostgreSQL is a highly stable and reliable database management system, having been developed and supported by a large community for over two decades. It is commonly used as the primary data store or data warehouse for various web, mobile, geospatial, and analytics applications. SQL Server is another database management system, primarily used for e-commerce and various data warehousing solutions. PostgreSQL is a more advanced version of SQL that supports various functions like foreign keys, subqueries, triggers, and user-defined types and functions. It is a feature-rich database that can handle complex queries and large databases. MySQL, on the other hand, is a simpler database that is easy to set up and manage, fast, reliable, and well-understood. PostgreSQL performs well in OLTP/OLAP systems where high read/write speeds and intensive data analysis are required. It is also suitable for Business Intelligence applications, but excels in data warehousing and data analysis applications that need quick read/write operations.
Pricing: It is free open-source software that can be downloaded.

Amazon RDS

Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) is a cloud-based data storage service that allows users to operate and scale a relational database within the AWS ecosystem. Its cost-effective and scalable hardware capabilities make it easy to build and manage industry-standard relational databases. RDS is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) because it provides a platform and tools for managing database instances, while AWS as a whole is considered Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). RDS handles tasks such as software installation and upgrades, storage management, replication for high availability, and backups for disaster recovery. Users can also quickly deploy scalable MySQL servers with cost-effective and resizable hardware using RDS. RDS offers three instance classes: Standard, Memory Optimized, and Burstable Performance, each with varying combinations of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capabilities to fit different needs. RDS supports six database engines: Amazon Aurora, PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, Oracle, and SQL Server.
Pricing: The region's preferred database engine either one or many deployments reserved or on-demand instances with hourly billing. For instance, the compute cost for one instance of Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL in the on-demand pricing tier is $4.27 per hour. For a one-year contract, the equivalent rate in the reserved-instance tier is $2.73 per hour. Across all database engines, storage costs are $0.115 per GB/instance.

Amazon S3

Amazon S3 is an object storage service designed to store and retrieve any amount of data from anywhere. It is a convenient storage option that offers industry-leading durability, accessibility, performance, security, and near unlimited scalability at low prices. S3 is a key-value store, one of the most popular types of NoSQL databases used for storing large, unstructured, or semi-structured data. Features such as metadata support, prefixes, and object tags allow users to organize data according to their needs. The S3 object storage service provides subscribers with access to the same systems that Amazon uses to run its own websites. It can store objects up to 5TB in size and allows customers to access, store, and download files of up to 5GB in a single upload. S3 is commonly used for storing images, videos, logs, and other types of files. There is no limit on the number of objects that can be stored in an S3 bucket and each object has a URL that can be used to download it. S3 offers unlimited storage at a lower cost than DynamoDB, but scan operations are slower. However, it can perform HTTP queries. Amazon S3 sets the standard for business cloud storage with its top-quality security, extreme flexibility, and total integration.
Pricing: Depending on the storage class, Amazon S3 has different storage costs. Seven storage classes are available to users, starting with Standard. Each GB of storage costs $1/month. For instance, the first 50 TB in Standard class will cost you $0.023 per GB/month. As the volume of data increases, the cost gradually decreases.


A platform called the SAP Data Warehouse tries to map every business operation within an enterprise. For the purposes of reporting and analytics, it is used to extract, combine, and make data from disparate SAP applications available in a single format. SAP's data management tools can be used by both IT and business users to extract useful information from data. It is a comprehensive set of open client/server systems data management platforms. It is regarded as one of the greatest data warehouse tools available and is a top provider of business information management solutions. With features for data protection and governance, it offers open and scalable solutions.
Plans begin at $19 per month.

Trial Offer: 14 days Free Test


With its roots in XML databases, MarkLogic is a multi-model NoSQL database that has grown to include native support for JSON files and RDF triples for its linguistic data model. It is built with a distributed architecture that can manage terabytes of data and billions of documents. The traditional capabilities of an operational data warehouse, such as the ability to ingest large amounts of data and make it accessible for real-time querying, are improved by an ODW built on the MarkLogic Enterprise NoSQL platform. However, this capability is also made available for a wider range of data. MarkLogic offers a product that is particularly distinctive and enables customers the freedom to subsequently switch cloud providers if necessary. The architectural tenet that guided MarkLogic's development was the notion that simply storing data wasn't the whole answer. It keeps these documents in a transactional repository and employs XML and JSON documents as data models. It indexes the document structure as well as the words and values from each loaded document. A suite of tools called MarkLogic Data Hub makes it easy to set up a functioning data hub on the MarkLogic Server rapidly. The operational data hub pattern is a way to create data hubs that enable for simultaneous interactive access to data and faster, more flexible data integration.
Pricing: Fixed low priority tier: This tier's compute cost is $0.074 per hour/MCU. Monthly storage fees are $0.10 per GB.

Users can adjust their demand using standard on-demand. Under this category, MarkLogic costs $0.125 per hour/MCU. Monthly storage fees are $0.10 per GB.

Users who anticipate a set volume of traffic can reserve compute capacity yearly under the standard reserved option. The cost of computation is $0.071 per hour/MCU under this pricing tier. The price of storage is the same as it is for the other two tiers.


MariaDB Server is one of the most popular open-source relational databases. It is created by the original developers of MySQL and is guaranteed to stay open-source. MariaDB has a wide selection of storage engines, including advanced storage engines, for working with other RDBMS data sources. MariaDB uses a familiar and popular querying language. MariaDB runs on multiple operating systems and supports a wide range of programming languages. Like MySQL, MariaDB also uses a client/server model with a server program that processes requests from client programs. As is typical of client/server systems, the server and the client programs can be on different hosts. MariaDB has improved speed compared to MySQL. MySQL has slower speed when compared to MariaDB. With the Memory storage engine of MariaDB, any data manipulation statement will be executed faster than the standard MySQL storage engine. The memory storage engine of MySQL is slower than the storage engine of MariaDB and it also supports many commands and interfaces that are more accessible to NoSQL than to SQL.
Pricing: The price of MariaDB Cloud starts at $0.45 per hour for the Foundation tier. The company does not disclose its pricing mechanism in detail.

Db2 Warehouse

An elastic cloud data warehouse, IBM Db2 Warehouse offers autonomous scaling of processing and data storage. The relational database Db2 is part of IBM Db2, a software for data management. It is made to efficiently store, analyze, and retrieve data. In-memory processing and highly optimized column data storage support increased analytics and machine learning workloads. Db2 and Oracle PL/SQL compatibility makes IBM Db2 a well-designed, fully managed Cloud SQL Database-as-a-Service solution. It is a highly reliable and potent Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) designed to store, analyze, and retrieve data effectively. Its user interface (UI) and data migration procedures are clear, simple, and user-friendly for users of all skill levels. In order to fuel today's cognitive applications, support the modernization of AI development, and facilitate the administration of both structured and unstructured data across physical platforms and multi-cloud settings, IBM Db2 is quickly evolving into the AI database.
Pricing: Users of Db2 Warehouse have access to 9 price tiers. The lowest tier, Flex One, offers users a single-partitioned instance. It is perfect for businesses that are beginning a data warehouse project. This tier's compute cost is $0.68 per instance/hour.


The Cloudera Data Warehousing Platform is the industry's first enterprise data cloud, a multi-functional analytics platform that eliminates silos and accelerates the discovery of data-driven insights. It applies consistent security, governance, and metadata in shared data environments. Cloudera's modern Data Warehouse powers advanced analytics and data warehousing in both on-premises deployment and as a cloud service. Business users can explore and work on data quickly, run new reports and workloads, or access interactive dashboards without assistance from IT. Additionally, IT can eliminate inefficiencies caused by data silos by consolidating data marts into a scalable analytics platform to better meet business needs. With its open design, data is accessed by more users with more tools, including data scientists and engineers, providing more value at a lower cost. Only Cloudera also offers a modern enterprise platform, tools, and expertise to unlock business understanding with machine learning and AI. Cloudera's modern platform for machine learning and analytics, optimized for the cloud, enables building and deploying AI solutions at scale, efficiently and securely, anywhere we want. Cloudera Quick Forward Labs expert guidance helps you discover your AI future, faster.

Pricing: The Cloudera data warehouse charges by the hour. The price per instance is $0.72 per hour.

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